Benign Tumor

Benign Tumor

What is the benign tumor?

A benign tumor is a good thing in the world of oncology. This represents an abnormal growth in the body that does not have the ability to spread through the body (metastasize). There are numerous growths that can occur in the human body that can be characterized as benign tumors. A benign growth of fat cells is called a lipoma, for example. One type of benign growth in the breast is a fibroadenoma. Just a reminder though, any abnormal SUSPICIOUS mass in the breast must be biopsied, even with a normal mammogram.

A benign tumor or neoplasm is also a non-cancerous (non-malignant) abnormal mass of tissue that forms when cells in a localized area reproduce at an increased rate. The cells are derived from normal cells, but undergo changes that make them unresponsive to the biologic normal controls that limit growth. These cells continue to grow faster than the surrounding tissue, resulting in a tumor. Benign tumors can develop in almost any body organ and are found in the kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, brain, bone, uterus, testicles, ears, salivary glands, and on the skin. They usually are small (less than 1 cm in diameter) and are firm. Benign tumors often are discovered incidentally when another condition is being investigated. Many are found during exploratory surgery (laparotomy), or during an autopsy.

Benign vs Malignant

What is the different between benign and malignant tumor?

The two basic types of tumors, benign tumors and cancerous (malignant) tumors, are distinguished by their cell types, growth patterns, and effects on the body. Benign tumors grow as well-defined masses that push normal cells out of the way rather than invading surrounding tissue; they tend to be restricted to a limited area (localized). Cells in malignant tumors tend to invade surrounding tissue and also to migrate to other locations in the body (metastasize). Unlike malignant tumor cells, the cells in benign tumors do not metastasize or invade the vascular or lymph systems, although they can grow in ways that interfere with normally functioning tissue if they become large enough to press on nearby structures. Benign tumors may block a blood vessel, impinge on a nerve, or grow in a vital area of the brain where they may compress neurovascular structures, thus causing other clinical problems.

A benign tumor may form a capsule of connective tissue around itself that separates the tumor from adjacent normal cells. Growth of a benign tumor is usually slow; a tumor may not increase in size for months or years. Symptoms may not appear until the tumor grows to the point at which it presses on or disturbs nerves, blood vessels, or other organs. Compression of other structures can be particularly dangerous in confined spaces such as inside the skull, heart, or lungs. Rarely, benign tumors can become malignant.

Benign Tumor – Risk Factor and Cause

What is the risk factor and cause of benign tumor?

It is unclear what causes the development of benign tumors. Many factors, including environmental toxins, genetic influences, diet, emotional stress, local trauma or injury, and inflammation are thought to be possible causes, either singly or in combination. In some cases, particularly if hormone receptors are present on the multiplying cells, gender may be a factor in the development of certain types of benign tumors (e.g., women are subject to the development of hormone-related uterine tumors called fibroids). Nevertheless, most benign tumors occur with equal frequency in both sexes and can develop in almost any region of the body.

Benign Tumor – Signs and Symptoms

What is the signs and symptoms of benign tumor?

Symptoms depend on the cell type of origin, size location of the growth and the types of cancer, and also the organ system involved. Individuals may report noticing a lump or skin change. If an abdominal tumor is pressing on the stomach or nearby structures, individuals may complain of nausea, a sense of fullness, or weight loss. When tumors compress or disturb nerves, they can cause pain or disorders such as dizziness, unsteadiness, vision problems, weakness, or headaches.

Benign Tumor – Diagnosis

What is the diagnosis for benign tumor?

Physical exam: Physical findings vary according to the site and size of the tumor. Examination may reveal a lump or skin change when the tumor is located in the soft tissue such as the breast, abdomen, muscle, or skin. However, if the tumor is small and is located in a deep structure such as the lungs, brain, or other organs, no physical abnormalities may be found.

Tests: Diagnostic imaging may be used to visualize internal organs and to determine the location and size of a suspected tumor. X-ray, ultrasound, high resolution computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used either alone or in combination to examine tissue in more detail, depending on location involved. Direct inspection of certain internal organs may require the use of an endoscope, a small, lighted fiberoptic instrument that is passed into the organ or cavity being examined. This minimally invasive technique is used most often for examinations of abdominal or pelvic organs such as the colon (colonoscopy), stomach and adjacent organs of the gastrointestinal tract (gastroscopy), bladder (cystoscopy), and abdominal cavity (laparoscopy). Thoracotomy or thorascopy may be used to examine the lungs.

Differentiating between benign and malignant tumors requires an evaluation of tumor cells by a pathologist (histopathologic examination). Diagnosis usually is confirmed by microscopic examination of tumor tissue cells that have been removed surgically (biopsy) or aspirated by needle biopsy and stained by appropriate techniques. For example, up to 50% of benign lesions in the lung are identified by biopsy and cell differentiation study (Gould). Differentiation refers to the extent to which cells resemble the normal cells of origin in terms of size, morphology, and function. Differentiation can range from well-differentiated, as in benign lesions, to moderately well differentiated, which can be either benign or malignant, to cells showing much less differentiation (anaplastic), or undifferentiated; anaplastic and undifferentiated lesions are characteristically malignant with many changes in size, shape, and degree of proliferation. Benign tumor cells retain many of the same features as the cells of the tissue from which they arose, although the tumor tissue typically will be denser than normal tissue, and cell proliferation will be less than in malignant tumors.

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Benign Tumor – Treatment

What is the treatment for benign tumor?

The treatment of choice usually is to surgically remove (resect) the tumor, preferably with endoscopic techniques rather than open surgery. Indications for surgery include the presence of symptoms, radiographic evidence of tumor growth, or a large tumor that is compromising function of a vital structure. The type of surgery performed is specific to the location of the tumor and the anatomic area affected by the tumor. Most benign tumors can be completely resected, reduced in size by removing part of the tumor, or destroyed using other types of treatment. If the tumor is located in an inaccessible area, radiation therapy can slow or destroy the production and development of abnormal cells. Meningiomas, which are benign central nervous system tumors, usually are surgically removed unless they are either of a recurrent type or are in a location where complete resection is not possible. In these cases, the benign tumor is treated by either conventional external radiation therapy or by a more focused stereotactic radiosurgery technique. In certain organs such as the uterus, the combination of ultrasound and a probe that freezes the tumor (cryotherapy) may be used to retard tumor growth. Certain systemic treatments, such as drug therapies that inhibit cell growth, are used to retard the growth of benign tumors in individuals whose health is compromised by other conditions and who are not candidates for surgery.

Some benign tumors, such as fatty tumors (lipomas) between the skin and underlying muscle, produce no symptoms and do not need to be removed unless they are painful, cumbersome, or are pressing on a nerve or blood vessel.

Benign Tumor – Chinese Herbal Treatment by Malaysia Chinese Master

What about treatment with Chinese herbal medicine?

The traditional Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture techniques can only reduce the size of the cancer cells and prolong the life of a cancer patient. According to the research of Malaysia Chinese Master, the herbal medicines used are free from any harmful side effects to patients. Thus, if a patient in a manner that herbal medication and follow the advice of the Chinese Master, may the disease will be reduced.

Chinese Master uses a so-called Sabah Snake Grass cancer herbs or also known as “Yu Xun Cao”, it has been widely used in Malaysia and other Asia countries to treat dampness, heaty conditions, cancer, tumors, uric acid, gout, urinates renopathies (disease of the kidney) and uterine fibroid.

Sabah Snake Grass in traditional Chinese cancer herbs medicine for over thousands of years, is usually decoction into herbal drink together with other types of herbs to treats diseases mentioned and uremia for kidney patient primarily and to reduce of urine toxic.

Sabah Snake Grass is a type of “cooling” herbs. It can cool down your body system. If you are a ‘cold’ type of body system, you have to careful of the side effect of Sabah Snake Grass. You may feel weakness of your leg and bed wetting, different people will have the different bad side effect. Meet Chinese Master to get some advice and guides on how to take Sabah Snake Grass to treat your cancer, so that you can avoid the bad side effect.

So, it’s up to you to choose the appropriate treatment to treat the disease but preferably it should be remembered come meet with Chinese Master early so that the disease can be controlled before spreading to other organs. Chinese Master used to say, “Where there is desire, there is a way …”

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July 10, 2012Permalink